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Arpita Paul
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Monday, June 10, 2013
The most famous sites of this period are the great cities of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa both located in present-day Pakistan Mohenjo-Daro in the Sindh province and Harappa in Punjab which was part of India until the 1947 CE partition of the country which created the separate nation. Harappa has given its name to the Harappan Civilization another name for the Indus Valley Civilization which is usually divided into Early Middle and Mature periods corresponding roughly to 5000-4000 BCE Early 4000-2900 BCE Middle and 2900-1900 BCE Mature . Harappa dates from the Middle period c. 3000 BCE while Mohenjo-Daro was built in the Mature period c. 2600 BCE . Harappa was largely destroyed in the 19th century when British workers carried away much of the city for use as ballast in constructing the railroad and many buildings had already been dismantled by citizens of the local village of Harappa which gives the site its name for use in their own projects. It is therefore now difficult to determine the historical significance of Harappa save that it is clear it was once a significant Bronze Age community with a population of as many as 30 000 people. Mohenjo-Daro on the other hand is much better preserved as it lay mostly buried until 1922 CE. The name Mohenjo-Daro means mound of the dead in Sindhi. The original name of the city is unknown although various possibilities have been suggested by finds in the region among them the Dravidian name Kukkutarma the city of the cock a possible allusion to the site as a center of ritual cock-fighting or perhaps as a breeding centre for cocks.

Posted On : 12/12/2013 9:54:30 PM

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