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Offside Rule in Football
Offside Rule in Football

Kongkan Nag
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Saturday, March 14, 2009
Hi all I want to know about the exact rules and regulations in Football for a player being called offside. For what reasons a player in Football can be called as offside and his attempt to goal is cancelled I have heard that there is a difference between the Offside rules followed by the international body FIFA and the offside rules followed by the All India Football Federation. Is it true If true then what is the difference Can anybody help me by answering my query

Posted On : 4/10/2009 5:02:52 AM

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Maniam PS
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Wednesday, March 18, 2009
Offside is a law in association football which effectively limits how far forward attacking players may be when involved in play. Broadly, a player cannot gain an advantage by waiting for the ball near the opposing goal when there are fewer than two opponents between him and the goal. Application: The application of the offside rule may be considered in three steps: Offside position, Offside offence and Offside sanction. Offside position: The blue forward on the left of the diagram is in an offside position as he is both in front of the second to last defender marked by the dotted line and the ball. Note that this does not necessarily mean he is committing an offside offence. The blue forward in the penalty box of the diagram is not in an offside position as he is behind the ball, despite the fact that he is in front of all but one of his opponents. A player is in an offside position if he is in his opponents half of the field and is nearer to his opponents goal line than the ball, and fewer than two of his opponents including the goalkeeper . A player level with the second to last opponent is not in an offside position. In 2005 The International Football Association Board agreed a new Decision in Law 11 that being nearer to his opponent s goal line meant that any part of his head, body or feet is nearer to his opponents goal line than both the ball and the second last opponent. The arms are not included in this definition. This is taken to mean that any part of the attacking player named in this Decision 2 has to be past the part of the second last defender closest to his goal line excluding the arms and past the part of the ball closest to the defenders goal line. In general, what this means is that either the attacking team should ensure the opposing team has at least two players of which the opposition s goalkeeper is included in front of the furthest forward player of the attacking team, or all players of the attacking team should be behind the ball such that it remains closer to the goal line than any of the player of the attacking team. If the goalkeeper is ahead of the play, then the forward will have to be in line with or behind two defenders unless the forward is in his own half . There is currently some controversy over whether a defender who has left the field of play is counted as active for the purposes of determining whether or not an attacker is offside. The Laws of the Game simply say that the player is in an offside position if he is nearer to his opponents goal line than both the ball and the second last opponent , which is not definitive with regards to players being behind the goal line. The US Soccer Federation Advice to referees part 11.11 states that A defender who leaves the field during the course of play and does not immediately return must still be considered in determining where the second to last defender is for the purpose of judging which attackers are in an offside position. Such a defender is considered to be on the touch line or goal line closest to his or her off-field position. A defender who leaves the field with the referee s permission and who thus requires the referee s permission to return is not included in determining offside position. Offside offence: The blue forward on the left of the diagram is in an offside position but not involved in active play, thus not committing an offside offence.A player in an offside position is only committing an offside offence if, in the opinion of the referee, he is involved in active play at the moment the ball touches or is played by one of his team. A player is not committing an offside offence if the player receives the ball directly from a throw-in, goal kick or corner kick, or if the player receiving the ball is level with or behind the player passing. Therefore a player who runs from an onside position into an offside position after the ball was touched or played by a team-mate is not penalised because a team-mate is no longer touching the ball. Determining whether a player is in active play can be complex. FIFA issued new guidelines for interpreting the offside law in 2003 and these were incorporated in law 11 in July 2005. The new wording seeks to more precisely define the three cases as follows: Interfering with play means touching the ball passed or touched by a teammate. Interfering with an opponent means preventing an opponent from playing or being able to play the ball by clearly obstructing the opponent s line of vision or movements or making a gesture or movement which, in the opinion of the referee, deceives or distracts an opponent. Gaining an advantage by being in an offside position includes playing a ball that rebounds to the player off a post or crossbar or playing a ball that rebounds to the player off an opponent having been in an offside position. In practice, a player in an offside position may be penalised before playing or touching the ball if, in the opinion of the referee, no other team-mate in an onside position has the opportunity to play the ball. Controversy regarding offside decisions is normally caused by what movements a player in an offside position can make without being judged to be interfering with an opponent.

Posted On : 4/16/2009 11:10:40 PM

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