The crowning glory of Orissan temple architecture, the 13th century Sun temple also known as the Black Pagoda , is laced with old myths and legends. Legends say that Samba, the son of Lord Krishna, was afflicted by leprosy, brought about by his father s curse on him. After 12 years of penance, he was cured by Surya, the Sun God, in whose honour he built this temple. The temple is a brilliant chronicle in stone, with impressive sculptures. Every aspect of life is represented here, and the erotic imagery, depicts the sublimation of human love manifested in countless forms. Scenes from court, civic life and war are also done with great precision. the theme Love is depicted in the most classy manner
Posted On : 4/9/2009 5:35:45 AM
Indravadan Modi Reward Points : 23300 Member Since : Saturday, January 10, 2009
The temple is one of the most important Brahman sanctuaries and is a World Heritage Site. It takes the form of the chariot of Surya Arka , the sun god, and is heavily decorated with stone carving. The entire complex was designed in the form of a huge chariot drawn by seven spirited horses on twelve pairs of exquisitely decorated wheels. The entrance is guarded by two lions, which are each shown crushing a war elephant. Each elephant in turn lies on top of a human. All around the temple, there are various floral and geometric patterns. There are also human, divine and semi-divine figures in sensuous poses. The poses contains couples in various amorous poses, and are derived from the Kama Sutra.
Posted On : 4/9/2009 5:38:15 AM
Maniam PS Reward Points : 256300 Member Since : Wednesday, March 18, 2009
Konark Sun Temple is a 13th-century Sun Temple. known as the Black Pagoda , at Konark, in Orissa. It was built in red sandstone Khandolite and black granite by King Narasimhadeva I 1236-1264 CE of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty. The temple is one of the most well renowned temples in India and is a World Heritage Site. The temple takes the form of the chariot of Surya Arka , the sun god, and is heavily decorated with stone carving. The entire complex was designed in the form of a huge chariot drawn by six spirited horses on twelve pairs of exquisitely decorated wheels. The entrance is guarded by two giant lions, which are each shown crushing a war elephant. Each elephant in turn lies on top of a human body. The temple symbolises the majestic stride of the Sun god. At the entrance of the temple is a Nata Mandir. This is where the temple dancers used to perform dances in homage to the Sun god. All around the temple, there are various floral and geometric patterns.The temple is now partly in ruins, and a collection of its sculptures is housed in the Sun Temple Museum, which is run by the Archaeological Survey of India. The poet Rabindranath Tagore wrote of Konark: here the language of stone surpasses the language of man. The Sun Temple, built in the thirteenth century, was conceived as a gigantic chariot of Sun God, with twelve pairs of exquisitely ornamented wheels pulled by seven pairs of horses. Majestic in conception, this temple is one of the most sublime monuments of India, famous as much for its imposing dimensions and faultless proportions as for the harmonious integration of architectural grandeur with plastic allegiance. Every inch of the temple is covered with sculpture of an unsurpassed beauty and grace, in tableaux and freestanding pieces ranging from the monumental to the miniature. The subject matter is fascinating. Thousands of images include deities, celestial and human musicians, dancers, lovers, and myriad scenes of courtly life, ranging from hunts and military battles to the pleasures of courtly relaxation. These are interspersed with birds, animals close to two thousand charming and lively elephants march around the base of the main temple alone , mythological creatures, and a wealth of intricate botanical and geometrical decorative designs. The famous jewel-like quality of Orissan art is evident throughout, as is a very human perspective which makes the sculpture extremely accessible. Stone work with erotic figuresThe temple is famous for its erotic sculptures, which can be found primarily on the second level of the porch structure. It will become immediately apparent upon viewing them that the frank nature of their content is combined with an overwhelming tenderness and lyrical movement. This same kindly and indulgent view of life extends to almost all the other sculptures at Konark, where the thousands of human, animal, and divine personages are shown engaged in the full range of the carnival of life with an overwhelming sense of appealing realism. It is admittedly the best in Orissa. Its fine traceries and scrollwork, as well as the beautiful and natural cut of animal and human figures, give it a superiority over other temples. The Sun temple belongs to the Kalinga School of Indian Temples with characteristic curvilinear towers mounted by cupolas. In shape, the temple did not make any major departure from other sikhara temples of Orissa. The main sanctum which 229 ft. high was constructed along with the audience hall 128 ft. high having elaborate external projections. The main sanctum which enshrined the presiding deity has fallen off. The Audience Hall survives in its entirely, but only small portions of the Dancing Hall nata Mandir and the Dining Hall Bhoga-Mandap have survived the vagaries of time. The Temple compound measures 857 ft 261 m by 540 ft 160 m The alignment of the Sun Temple is on the east-west direction. The Temple is located in natural surroundings, abounding with casuarina plantations and other types of trees such as mahogany, rosewood, eel which grow on sandy soil
Posted On : 4/9/2009 6:17:59 PM
Chetan Juneja Reward Points : 55100 Member Since : Monday, April 28, 2008
Built in 13th century by King Narasimhadeva, the temple is designed in the shape of a colossal chariot with seven horses and twelve wheels, carrying the sun god, Surya, across heavens. This is one of the most stunning monuments of religious significance. this is indeed a true masterpiece of architecture which proudly stands in the form of Sun Temple at Konark. The name of Konark temple is an amalgamation of two words-Kona meaning corner and Arka meaning the Sun. That is to say that the Sun god worshipped in Ark Kshetra is called Konark. Legend says that after killing the demon Gyasur, Lord Vishnu placed his belongings at several places to commemorate the victory. With His conch at Puri, Disc in Bhubaneshwar and Mace in Jajapur He placed the Lotus at Konark. very inch of the temple is covered with sculpture of an unsurpassed beauty and grace, in tableaux and freestanding pieces ranging from the monumental to the miniature. The subject matter is fascinating. Thousands of images include deities, celestial and human musicians, dancers, lovers, and myriad scenes of courtly life, ranging from hunts and military battles to the pleasures of courtly relaxation.
Posted On : 4/9/2009 10:02:26 PM
Prerna Gupta Reward Points : 17400 Member Since : Wednesday, June 25, 2008
Sculptures abound in Orissa s Konark Temple, built in the 13th century to commemorate Surya the Sun God. However, the temple itself is actually a giant sculpture of the Sun God riding his chariot and is deemed a World Heritage Site because of the unfathomable intricacy of the carvings. From the gigantic chariot wheels to the detailed depictions of every aspect of Orissan life at the time, the Konark Temple is unparalleled anywhere in the world.