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Tamil Language
Tamil Language

Maniam PS
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Wednesday, March 18, 2009
I believe that Tamil is one of the oldest Language in the world based on the following info - Tamil tami IPA t m is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of the Indian subcontinent. It has official status in India Sri Lanka and Singapore. Tamil is also spoken by significant minorities in Malaysia Mauritius Vietnam R union as well as emigrant communities around the world. It is the administrative language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the first Indian language to be declared as a classical language by the government of India in 2004. Tamil literature has existed for over two thousand years. The earliest epigraphic records found date from around the third century BCE. The earliest period of Tamil literature Sangam literature is dated from the 3rd century BC to 6th century AD. Inscriptions in Tamil Language from 1st century BCE and 2nd century CE have been discovered in Egypt and Thailand. The first two ancient manuscripts from India to be acknowledged and registered by UNESCO Memory of the World register in 1997 & 2005 were in Tamil. According to a 2001 survey there were 1 863 newspapers published in Tamil of which 353 were dailies. what do u think

Posted On : 3/29/2009 10:10:57 AM

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Priyadarshini Misra
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Monday, August 25, 2008
You are right Maniam. The earliest epigraphic attestations of Tamil date to c. the 3rd century BCE. It flourished in India as a language with a rich literature during the Sangam period 300 BCE to 300 CE .With an estimated 30,000 inscriptions, Tamil has the largest number of inscriptions in South Asia. The Tamil Sangam literature is the oldest extant literature in any Dravidian language Literary works in India were preserved either in palm leaf manuscripts implying repeated copying and recopying or through oral transmission, making direct dating impossible. External chronological records and internal linguistic evidence, however, indicate that the oldest extant works were probably compiled sometime between the 2nd century BCE and the 10th century CE. Tamil Literature has existed for over two thousand years. The earliest epigraphic records found date from around the third century BCE. The earliest period of Tamil literature, Sangam literature, is dated from the 3rd century BC to 6th century AD.

Posted On : 3/29/2009 11:19:41 PM

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Ragamala Chakraborty
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Wednesday, February 11, 2009
The Tamil alphabet is descended from the Brahmi script of ancient India. The earliest Tamil inscription dates back to at least 500 BC. The oldest literary text in Tamil, Tolk?ppiyam, was composed around 200 BC. During the 19th century, attempts were made to create a written version of the colloquial spoken language. Nowadays the colloquial written language appears mainly in school books and in passages of dialogue in fiction. Tamil is classed as a Dravidian language, and is one of the major Dravidian languages of South India. The exact origins of the Dravidian family are unknown but it is believed to have arrived in India s northwest around 4000 BC, gradually splitting into four branches with the passage of time. Tamil became isolated to India s South as the Indo-Aryan language varieties such as the Hindi became more dominant in the North. Along with Sanskrit, Tamil is recogonised as one of the two classical languages if India . It has a rich historical tradition dating back more than 2000 years. Modern Tamil is diglossic in nature, which means it has two distinct forms: literary or classical used mainly in writing and formal speech and spoken used in everyday conversation .

Posted On : 3/30/2009 3:30:53 AM

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Maniam PS
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Wednesday, March 18, 2009
Geographic distribution - Distribution of Tamil speakers in South India and Sri Lanka 1961 .Tamil is the first language of the majority in Tamil Nadu, India and North Eastern Province, Sri Lanka. The language is spoken by small groups of minorities in other parts of these two countries such as Karnataka, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Manipur and Maharashtra in case of India and Colombo, the hill country, north and east in case of Sri Lanka. There are currently sizeable Tamil-speaking populations descended from colonial-era migrants in Malaysia, Singapore, Burma, Vietnam, South Africa, and Mauritius. Some people in Guyana, Fiji, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago have Tamil origins, but only a small number speak the language there. Groups of more recent migrants from Sri Lanka and India exist in Canada especially Toronto , USA, Australia, many Middle Eastern countries, and most of the western European countries. - Legal status- Tamil is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is one of the official languages of the union territories of Pondicherry and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. It is one of 23 nationally recognised languages in the Constitution of India. Tamil is also one of the official languages of Sri Lanka and Singapore. In Malaysia, 543 primary education government schools are available fully in Tamil medium. In addition, with the creation in 2004 of a legal status for classical languages by the government of India and following a political campaign supported by several Tamil associations Tamil became the first legally recognised Classical language of India. The recognition was announced by the then President of India, Dr. Abdul Kalam, in a joint sitting of both houses of the Indian Parliament on June 6, 2004.

Posted On : 4/1/2009 7:05:05 PM

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