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Unani Medicine In India
Unani Medicine In India

Priyadarshini Misra
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Unani medicine in India was introduced in 1351 AD by Arabs. The first known Hakim was Zia Mohd Masood Rasheed zangi. Unani Medicine soon got acceptance by the masses due to its efficacy and nontoxicity of the drugs. I would like to know the present status of Unani medicine in India and also the details about its diagnosis process and treatment....

Posted On : 4/14/2009 9:52:09 PM

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Manpreet Bharara
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Unani medicine is ancient Greek medicine that has evolved within the Muslim world for the past 13 centuries Unani is an Arabic spelling of Ionian, meaning Greek . Greek medicine, greatly simplified for presentation here, was based on the concept of balancing body humors. They either fell out of balance, which might yield diseases depending on circumstances , or were restored to balance to heal diseases. The system involved four elements, thus differing from the Ayurvedic system of three doshas and the Chinese system of five elements. The original Greek and the resulting Unani systems involve these four elements: earth, air, water, and fire along with four natures: cold, hot, wet, and dry and four humors: blood which is hot/wet , phlegm cold/wet , yellow bile hot/dry , and black bile cold/dry .

Posted On : 4/15/2009 12:15:53 AM

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Anju Malhotra
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Hakim Abdul Majid 1883-1922 founded an organization called Hamdard in Delhi in 1906 at the time, it was a small clinic and herbal medicine shop. Abdul had come from a family that included many herbal doctors, and he joined the herbal pharmacy of the renowned Unani physician Ajmal Khan. As he developed his knowledge of medicine, he too became a doctor Hakim and decided to establish his own pharmacy and clinic, which he called Hamdard Dawakhana. Hamdard, meaning sympathy, refers here to one who shares the pain of others and is willing to mitigate it Dawakhana means clinic . As a result of Hamdard s success, it was moved to a new larger building in 1922 unfortunately, Abdul suffered a serious illness and died that year. The responsibility for Hamdard fell to his wife and his eldest son in a family of five children , Abdul Hamid, who was only 13 at the time and already studying medicine. Hamdard would undertake its biggest growth and development once Majid s youngest son, Mohammad Said, agreed to study medicine he had originally wanted to be a journalist . In 1940 he undertook studies of both Ayurvedic medicine and Unani medicine. After graduation, he participated in the Hamdard pharmacy and clinic with his older brother. Soon, however, the state of Pakistan was formed and many Muslims from India migrated there, including Mohammad Said, who was a devout Muslim. In 1948, he moved to Karachi, and set up a branch of Hamdard there, with both clinical facilities and herb manufacturing. In keeping with its aim to serve the people, it was turned into a charitable trust in 1953. Meanwhile, the original facilities in India, devoted exclusively to Unani medicine, continued to expand under its director, Hakim Abdul Hamid, it became world famous and is likely the largest facility on earth for research and training in herbal medicine.

Posted On : 4/15/2009 12:17:32 AM

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Manpreet Bharara
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Hey frinds do u know some of the popular and common Unani medicines that we often use...........?? 1. Safi: Blood Purifier A 60-year-old famous blood purifier that improves complexion and removes skin troubles. Ingredients: Cassia angustifolia, Rheum emodi, Ipomoea terpethum, Nelumbo nucifera, Rosa damaascena, Dalbergia sisoo, Pterocarpus santalinus, Tinospora cordifolia, Terminalia chebula, Curcuma cassia, Swertia chirata, Andrographis paniculata, Cassia occidentalis, Spaeranthus indicus, Chrozophora plicata, Fumaria parviflora, Bauhinia variegata, Azadirachta indica, Ocimum basillium, Clitoria ternata, Artesmia absenthum. Uses / Prevents: The herbal remedy for skin diseases such as acne vulgaris, boils, skin rashes, blemishes. Checks nose bleeding, cures constipation, corrects indigestion, improves complexion. Directions for usage: 10 ml once daily 2. Joshina A remedy for catarrh, cough, cold, sore throat or nasal congestion. Ingredients: Viola odorata, Onosma bracteatum, Althea officinalis, Malva rotundifolia, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Zizyphus vulgaris, Cordia latifolia. Uses / Prevents: Joshina is a ready-made convenient and more effective variation of Joshanda-the age old, tried and trusted remedy for cold, catarrh and sore throat. Directions for usage: 10 ml of Joshina mixed with 100 ml warm water to be taken before breakfast and at bed time 3 Rooh Afza A popular summer drink that quenches thirst, maintains the water-electrolyte balance, and acts as an instant source of energy for the body. Ingredients: Citrus medica, Rosa damascena, Coriandrum sativum, Daucus carota, Portulaca oleracea, Citrullus vulgaris, Spinacea oleracea, Mentha arvenis, Luffa cylindrica, Cichorium intybus, Vitis vinefera, Vitiveria zizaniodes. Uses / Prevents: A 90-year-old summer drink that is used effectively as an oral rehydration therapy in heat strokes, chronic diarrhea, etc. It provides instant energy and quenches the summer thirst. Directions for usage: Mix 50 ml Rooh Afza with ice cold water and use as and when required.

Posted On : 4/15/2009 12:20:26 AM

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Ragamala Chakraborty
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In Unani medicine system, Diseases are mainly diagnosed with the help of Pulse Nabz , physical examination of the Urine and Stool. Also, patients are examined systematically to make the diagnosis easy as spot diagnosis with the help of simple, modern gadgets. Diseases are treated in the following ways Ilajbil Tadbeer Regimenal Therapy Ilajbil Ghiza Dietotherapy Ilajbil Dava Pharmacotherapy Ilajbil Yad Surgery 1. Ilajbil Tadbeer Regimenal Therapy :-Some drugless regimens are advised for the treatment of certain ailments i.e. Exercise, Massage, Hamam Turkish Bath , Douches Cold and Hot and the Regimen for Geriatrics. 2. Ilajbil Ghiza Dietotherapy :-Different diets are recommended for the patients of different diseases. 3. Ilajbil Dava Pharmaco-therapy :- The basic concept of treatment is to correct the cause of the disease that may be Abnormal temperament due to Environmental factors Abnormal humours either due to internal causes or external causes which may be pathogenic micro-organism, through a drugs of opposite temperament to the temperament of the disease that is called Ilaj-bil-zid or b drugs of similar temperament as of the temperament of the disease that is called as Ilaj-bil-misl The drugs used are mostly of the Plant origin. Some drugs of Animal and Mineral Origin are also used. Patients are treated either by single drugs crude drugs or by compound drugs formulations of single drugs . There are two types of compound drugs used in the treatment of the diseases i.e. Classical compound drugs which are in use for the hundreds and thousands years and Patent/Proprietary compound drugs which have been formulated by the individuals or institutions as per their research and experiences. Unani system of medicine is one of the oldest system of medicine in the world it is still popular & practiced in Indian sub continent & other parts of the world. The scientists and experts of different countries have contributed in development of Unani system in different periods

Posted On : 4/15/2009 12:21:46 AM

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Prerna Gupta
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The information you all have given is really helpful, but can I know the development process of this Unani medicine system...?

Posted On : 4/15/2009 12:23:11 AM

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SmithRoxy
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Thanks for the information on topic.I think Unani medicine is ancient Greek medicine that has evolved within the Muslim world for the past 13 centuries Unani is an Arabic spelling of Ionian, meaning Greek .

Posted On : 4/15/2009 2:32:38 AM

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Dr. Imtiyaz Kondkari
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About Unani Unani means medicines which are a symbol of life. The name is derived from the word Ionian which originated in Greece. Tibb means the knowledge of the states of the human body in health and decline of health, or in other words, medicine. Tibb-E-Unani , is hence an age old, time tested system of medicine dating back 5000 years to Greece. Unani medicine, like any other form of medical science strives to find the best possible ways by which a person can lead a healthy life with the least or zero sickness . It prescribes drugs, diet, drinks and other regiments including codes of conduct which are conducive to the maintenance and promotion of positive health, as well as the prevention and cure of disease. The ultimate aim of these scientific prescriptions and prohibitions is the creation of a healthy society. Traditional systems of medicine are no doubt prevalent in various countries of the world. But most of these are empirical. On the other hand, Unani and its allied branches have rational and scientific basic principles. It is distinct from other branches of medicine, as the drugs it uses are natural in their sources and forms. It emphasizes on retaining natural compounds which belong to the human body, and hence prescribes only natural remedies. Unani medicine believes that diseases can be kept at bay by the use of clean and fresh water, breathing clean air and consuming fresh food. Likewise, a balance should be maintained between the mind and the body so that the metabolic process can take place easily and the body waste evacuated. Unani medicine also believes that all life forms have originated from the sea. There are eight specialized branches of Unani medicine - Internal medicine Moalijat Gynecology including Obstetrics and Pediatrics Diseases of the head and neck Toxicology Psychiatry Rejuvenation Therapy including Geriatrics Sexology Regimental Therapy Dietotherapy Hydrotherapy Historical background of Surgery in Unani Medicine : - For historical reasons, the practice of surgery was strongly discouraged in the medieval period. But in ancient times Unani surgeons did perform intricate brain surgery, laparotomy and plastic surgery. Inspite of the apathy generated by colonial rule, the faith of the people in their culture and traditional medicine kept the remaining branches of Unani alive. It is because of this mass base and utility that after Independence, the Government of India took several steps to further this health science. Hippocratic Theory of Medicine : - The first fundamental theory of the Unani system established by Greek philosopher Hippocrates is founded in the belief that the body of the individual is composed of four basic elements, which together, are called Anasir-e-Arba Hava, Pani, Mitti, Dhup . In different permutations and combinations, these four elements or biological fluids constitute Humours Akhlat i.e. blood or Dam , phlegm Kafa , bile Safra and black bile Souda . Thus, the basic principles of Unani is that of the four humours represented in the human blood. As long as these humours exist in normal balance, normal quantities and in the normal region of the body, the humour system will work in the normal way. Any imbalances to the humour constitutions or changes in their quantity and quality result in diseases. Later, several other scholars improved and expanded the scope of the Unani system. According to the Unani discipline as it stands today, the human body is composed of 7 natural and basic components called Umoor e Tabaiyah which are responsible for maintenance of health. These are : - Arkan Elements Mizaj Temperament Akhlaat Humours Aaza Organs Arwah Vital forces or Neuro Quwa Faculties Afaal Functions The loss of any one of these basic components or alteration in their physical state could lead to disease, or even death. It is highly essential to consider all these factors so as to reach the correct diagnosis and consequently the correct line of treatment. The Unani physicians describe that there is a special ability hidden in every individual called the defensive mechanism of the body or in the language of Unani - Tabiyat-e-Muddabare Badan . The Tabiyat may be defined as the sum total structural function and psychological character of the human being. The Tabiyat or nature is the best physician, and maintains the equilibrium of the four humours or Akhlat . Their quantity and quality should be as per the natural chemical composition of the body. The UNANI System of addressing whole health considers illness as an event serving to cleans, purify, and balance us on the physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual planes. Allah The one God of All says in the Quran There may be a thing decreed for you that you do not like that is good for you and things that you like that are not good for you. Imam al-Ghazzali r.a. expressed this idea as follows: Illness is one of the forms of experience by which humans arrive at a knowledge of God as He says, Illnesses are my servants which I attached to My chosen friends. Just because something feels good does not necessarily mean it is of ultimate benefit to us. And conversely, if we have a moment of pain, we cannot dismiss this experience as bad without understanding how and what the result of these sensations will be. A Healing Crisis is the natural function of the body eliminating toxins: Vomiting, Nosebleeds, Diarrhea, Fevers, Sweating, and Frequent Urination these are avenues to full health. While admitting the existence of microbes, the UNANI Tibb system maintains that it is the original imbalance of temperament that provides an altered biotic environment in which the viruses and bacteria can thrive. Treatments of killing off microbes can provide a temporary cure , but without restoring the humor to its proper balance, the disease will recur. So, the UNANI Tibb System is one of seeking balance between the Humors of the body and the temperament, mainly through proper metabolism of the bodies nourishment.

Posted On : 9/6/2009 2:57:12 AM

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Mohammad Rehan
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Any one can tell me about Nephrotic Syndrome disease Medicines in Unani Med. for my 24 month child affacting since 3 months with this diesease.

Posted On : 11/13/2009 2:32:25 AM

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ABDULQADEER ANSARI
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Monday, December 14, 2009
My child who is now attaining involuntrly 8 years of age urinate one to two times in sleep.Some one may suggest the unani or homeremedies treatment

Posted On : 12/14/2009 8:55:47 AM

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ABDULQADEER ANSARI
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Unani medicines are also widely used here in Pakistan, because western medicines leaves many side effects. Any body will suggest the unani treatment of brdwetting in children above 7 years and in adults frequency of urination specialy during night and winter.

Posted On : 12/18/2009 8:41:03 AM

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habi
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Thank u madam may i know the scope of unani medicine in India and Kerela

Posted On : 4/10/2013 11:49:59 PM

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VSNutrition Health
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Your post is very nice to read thanks for posting this important information with us.

Posted On : 8/16/2013 11:31:13 PM

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bharat khatwani
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Thursday, February 27, 2014
Hi I am 58 year old male Retired I have inguinal Hernia Left 37 mm and right 31mmResults as per recent sonography for last 3 years.I do not have pain burning or acid re flux usually associated with Hernia. I am wearing hernia support belt I am willing to look into options other than surgery as there is no physical discomfort. Can Unani medicines really cure Inguinal hernia Ayurveda has cure for Hernia.Many Ayurveda pharmacies make it. It contains combination of several Ayurveda Bhasma. If any Unani medicine can help in healing cuts made by surgeons faster may also help in Hernia Because Hernia is primarily caused by tear of some NOT ALL LAYERS AS IS THE CASE IN SURGERY layers of skin DUE TO DEGENERATION OF SKIN CELLS and this tear is further aggrevated by gas constipation etc and it results in Hernia.Unani system has very good medicines for gas/constipation WHich is one of the causes of Hernia If this aspect gas is taken care of another aspect i.e. Healing of wound/cut/rupture remains to be taken care of.I think any oral medicine which promotes new skin cell generation or healing of wounds or for faster post operative healing of cuts made during surgery may also be effective. Since Unani system has scope for surgery medicines prescribed post unani surgery may help. Plz. opine bharat

Posted On : 2/27/2014 6:27:40 AM

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bharat khatwani
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Thursday, February 27, 2014
Hi I am 58 year old male Retired I have inguinal Hernia Left 37 mm and right 31mmResults as per recent sonography for last 3 years.I do not have pain burning or acid re flux usually associated with Hernia. I am wearing hernia support belt I am willing to look into options other than surgery as there is no physical discomfort. Can Unani medicines really cure Inguinal hernia Ayurveda has cure for Hernia.Many Ayurveda pharmacies make it. It contains combination of several Ayurveda Bhasma. If any Unani medicine can help in healing cuts made by surgeons faster may also help in Hernia Because Hernia is primarily caused by tear of some NOT ALL LAYERS AS IS THE CASE IN SURGERY layers of skin DUE TO DEGENERATION OF SKIN CELLS and this tear is further aggrevated by gas constipation etc and it results in Hernia.Unani system has very good medicines for gas/constipation WHich is one of the causes of Hernia If this aspect gas is taken care of another aspect i.e. Healing of wound/cut/rupture remains to be taken care of.I think any oral medicine which promotes new skin cell generation or healing of wounds or for faster post operative healing of cuts made during surgery may also be effective. Since Unani system has scope for surgery medicines prescribed post unani surgery may help. Plz opine regards bharat

Posted On : 2/27/2014 6:40:07 AM

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bharat khatwani
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This article is good ....

Posted On : 3/19/2014 9:16:34 PM

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Dean Dias
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In India, more and more medicines have to be introduced into the market on account of the increasing number of sicknesses in the country. Most of these sicknesses are due to diseases and most of these diseases spread through water. I wouldd suggest people to ensure they have the right water purification technology for the type of water they get.

Posted On : 12/19/2014 2:04:49 AM

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shiny star
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I believe the medicines available in government hospitals are the best and very effective and they are not available in any chemist shops.

Posted On : 7/28/2015 11:51:39 PM

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shiny star
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Well India is still behind than many developed countries in matter of number of diseases. Our country is not truly affected by Swine Flu and many more viruses. Thanks for our environment that does not support these viruses to be alive.

Posted On : 8/26/2015 5:05:11 AM

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Arjun Wagh
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Unani Medicines are also effective on Non-communal diseases like Cancer, Aids and many more. It is a traditional and ancient method in the healthcare sector which cant give you the instantaneous result but it can give you the satisfactory level in certain category.

Posted On : 9/28/2015 12:52:49 AM

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Janak Raj Singh
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Is there any cure Inguinal hernia and ayurveda medicine ..

Posted On : 1/1/2016 12:53:50 AM

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