Wedding custom in ancient India had a different scenario all together from what we see now. In the ancient India especially in Hindu marriages there are certain references of polygamy and polyandry for political as well as social reasons. what were the other customs of wedding in ancient India
Most references to marriage in the ancient Indian texts suggest that the Aryans were monogamous. However, some references to polygamy and polyandry have been found in the Hindu epic of Mahabharata. In medieval India, the marriage was compulsory for all the girls except for those opted asceticism. Brahmin girls were married between ages eight and ten from sixth or century onwards up to the modern times. Polygamy was permitted to all who could afford, and it was especially popular among Kshatriyas for political reasons. According to the Manasollasa, the king should marry a Kshatriya girl of noble birth for a chief queen though he is permitted to have Vaishya or Shudra wives for pleasure. However, there were exceptions in the prehistoric era where women could have their ways in regard to ruling kingdoms and acting as spiritual guides to their sons and preceding their husbands on political fronts. At the same time, ancient world had practices that set women up as trophies of war and competitions.
One wedding custom that has been prevalent since the ancient days till date is the Mahendi custom. From times immemorial, Indian women have used mehndi in celebrations of betrothals, weddings, festivals and other occasions. A bride whose family has little money wears her mehndi in place of ornate gold jewellery. A bride is not expected to perform any housework until her wedding mehndi has faded. A mehndi party is held at the home of the bride the night before the wedding and only women from the bride s side get to attend. The evening is spent applying mehndi designs to the bride s hands and feet and anywhere else Indian mehndi designs use reddish-brown mehndi and fine lines, lacy or floral patterns as opposed to the large, floral patterns of Arabic designs, and large, bold geometrically-patterned black henna angles of African mehndi art. They often incorporate the peacock India s national bird , the lotus flower India s national flower , and an elephant with a raised trunk a symbol of good luck .