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Ustad Chand Khan and Dilli Gharana
Ustad Chand Khan and Dilli Gharana

Mohd Imran Khan
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Saturday, March 08, 2014
Daniel Neumann raised a few questions on the existence of Delhi Gharana once. According to Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkahnde a gharana can exists when it has a different style of presenting the raagas. The difference largely is in the context of the performing patterns. However Daniel Neumann must have got his answers when Ustad Chand Khan replied to his objections. The problem with the Gharana of Delhi has been that they have not been awarded due recognition in any sphere. Well there are a number of reasons for Delhi Gharana not getting due recognition in the recent past. 1 The previous two generations of Delhi Gharana were not involved in full time vocal music they were Sarangi players. Those Sarangi players were in fact very good singers also but they had taken up playing Sarangi under vow. 2 The second reason being that after partition there was a lack of accountability that who actually represents the Gharana. The people in Pakistan who are direct descendants of Miyan Achpal and Miyan Tanras Khan claim to be the one s who are representing the Gharana. 3 The lack of recognition by the government the leading institutions and the leading contemporaries of the times. In recent times it was noticed that in a few books and movies in this context there was no mention of Delhi Gharana. The story is quite different from this. Actually after tracing back the origins of Ustad Chand Khan s family traditions it can be seen that Meer Bula Kalawant who was one of the two court musicians of Baadshah Shams Iltumish was the paternal ancestor of Ustad Chand Khan. Now Meer Bula Kalawant was a contemporary to Hazrat Amir Khusrau. The descendants of this very family were the court singh of Maharaja Nahar Singh of Ballabhgarh in Haryana. Raja Nahar Singh was the ruler of 101 villages in and around Ballabhgarh. Two of the court musicians of his times were Meer Allahbuqsh and Meer Umarbaqsh. Ustad Chand Khan represented the fourth generation after Meer Umarbaqsh. All of the generations except Sangi Khan and Mamman Khan were court vocalists not accompanists. So the doubt about Delhi Gharana not being a Vocal Gharana is not worth raising. The same tradition of vocal music was taken up by Ustad Chand Khan and it has been carried for ward by Ustad Iqbal Ahmed Khan who still lives in Suwiwalan at his ancestral place called Mausiqui Manzil

Posted On : 3/8/2014 12:30:01 AM

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