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Indian Traditional Sports - Mallakhamb
Indian Traditional Sports - Mallakhamb

Kongkan Nag
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Saturday, March 14, 2009
Mallakhamb is one such Indian traditional sports that requires refinement nimbleness great amount of flexibility and also super reflexes on behalf of the players. I want to know more about this interesting game. When did the game evolve or where it was played in ancient period Is the game still played What are the equipments needed for playing Mallakhamb Can anybody provide me with these information

Posted On : 04/10/09 4:54:20 AM

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Riya Sen
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Mallakhamb is a traditional Indian sport in which a gymnast performs poses and feats while hanging from a vertical wooden pole or rope. Mallakhamb also refers to the pole used in the sport. The word Mallakhamb is composed of Malla, which denotes a gymnast or a man of strength, and khamb, which is a pole. Mallakhamb, therefore, can be translated in English as pole gymnastics. Of the states in India, 29 participate in Mallakhamb competitions at the national level. Mallakhamb can be used as a form of exercise or as strength training for police or other jobs requiring a high level of fitness. There are three main variations of Mallakhamb. Pole or Fixed Mallakhamb- In this type, a vertical wooden pole is fixed in the ground and the participant performs various acrobatic poses and feats while hanging on the pole. The Mallakhamb pole used in competitions is a straight pole made of teak or sheesham wood, standing 2.6 m in height with a circumference of 55 cm at the base. It gradually tapers to a circumference of 35 cm at the top. Hanging Mallakhamb-Similar to the pole Mallakhamb, the hanging Mallakhamb is a wooden pole that is shorter in length than the standard Pole Mallakhamb and is hung from hooks and a chain, leaving a gap between the ground and the bottom of the Mallakhamb. Rope Mallakhamb- In this variation, the participant performs exercises while hanging from a rope suspended from a support. Mallakhamb as the name suggests is a pole used by wrestlers for practicing their skills in the game KUSTI. But now days the trend has changed and it has got a special identity. Mallakhamb needs concentration, speed and flexibility. It is the only game which is played against gravity. The origin of this ancient Indian sport can be traced to earlier part of the 12th century. A mention of wrestlers exercising on wooden poles is found in the Manasholas, written by Chalukya in 1153 A.D. It was revived late in the 19th century by Balambhatta Dada Deodhar, physical instructor to Bajirao Peshwa II, He took great efforts to popularize this sport. Resemblance of the shape of the Ancient and Modern Mallakhamb to the human structure can be easily seen. At first Mallakhamb was always concerned with Kusti, to learn different styles of Kusti. Now days, the game also includes Gymnastics. It is leaving ancient grips. The present game includes supple body, alert muscles and mind, concentration and expansion of the muscles, rhythm in breath, eyes wide open etc. Now days at the competitive level the degree of difficulty is increasing day by day. The need of safety instruments is felt. The manner in which the body is turned, twisted, stretched and balanced on the Mallakhamb keeps the spectators spellbound. Playing on the Mallakhamb helps to develop ones speed, reflexes, concentration and co-ordination. Training of Mallakhamb helps in practicing many other games which include Wrestling, Judo, Gymnastics, Athletics, Horse-riding, Tennis etc. Shoulder vault on the Mallakhamb will improve the wrestlers throw. Most of the wrestlers use the Mallakhamb for shadow practicing. Most of the exercises in Mallakhamb are fabricated keeping wrestling in view. Practicing Mallakhamb will strengthen a gymnast s shoulder girdle for Roman Ring. Mallakhamb also helps in developing qualities such as flexibility, grace, swiftness and rhythm which are very much essential for a successful gymnast. In Athletics, Mallakhamb increases the endurance, strength and stamina of the athlete needed for athletic events. In Tennis and Badminton, a ladder on the Mallakhamb will strengthen the muscle of the shoulder girdle and forearm. if also increases the flexibility of the wrist joint. In Cricket, Hockey and Football, a side dive catch on the Mallakhamb will train a cricketer to dive and a Football goalkeeper or Hockey goalkeeper to save a goal. In Swimming, dismounting from a Mallakhamb teaches diving skills to a diver. In Horse riding, the basic grip helps a horse rider very much, as the grip is similar in both the cases. The horse mount on the Mallakhamb is exactly similar to the literal horse mount. The Mallakhamb Federation of India m.f.i. was established with a view to make the game more disciplined, standardized and to make the activity more coherent in 1980. m.f.i. has standardized basic 3 types of this sport to be played in the competition. According the rules of M.F.I., hierarchy of the competitions is as follows PUNE DISTRICT MALLAKHAMB ASSOCIATION- The District level competitions MAHARASHTRA AMATEUR MALLAKHAMB ASSOCIATION- The STATE level competitions MALLAKHAMB FEDERATION OF INDIA- The NATIONAL level competitions These are the main competitions. The other competitions are as follows. ZILLA PARISHAD CHAMPIONSHIPS ALL INDIA INTER UNIVERSITY CHAMPIONSHIPS THE MUMBAI MAYOR INVITATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS

Posted On : 04/11/09 4:16:58 AM

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Maniam PS
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Wednesday, March 18, 2009
Mallakhamb is an ancient traditional Indian sport. Malla means gymnast, and khamb means pole. Thus, the name Mallakhamb stands for a gymnast s pole . The origin of Mallakhamb can be traced to the 12th century, where it is mentioned in Manas-Olhas - a classic by Chalukya in 1135 A.D. For seven centuries, the art lay dormant, till it was revived by Balambhatta Dada Deodhar, the sports and fitness instructor to Peshwa Bajirao II, who reigned during the first half of the 19th century. The apparently simple khamb does not reveal the complexities of the exercises, which require the performer to turn, twist, stretch and balance on the pole. It is this consummate grace, this agility, dexterity and suppleness of body, combined with quick reflexes, muscle coordination and sense of timing, that single out this game as special. Of the states in India, more than 14 participate in Mallakhamb competitions at the national level. At present, the following forms of Mallakhamb are prevalent:- Plain Mallakhamb - fixed on the ground: In this, a vertical wooden pole is fixed in the ground. The wood used is usually teakwood or sheeshum, preferred because of its twin characteristics of toughness and smoothness. The pole stands 225 cm above ground level. It has a circumference of 55 cm at its lower end, 45 cm in the middle, and 30 cm at the upper end. The height of the neck is 20 cm, and its circumference is 15 cm, and radius of the upper knobe is 13 cm. Hanging Mallakhamb: A smaller version of the fixed Mallakhamb, it is suspended with the aid of hooks and chains. The swinging and revolving motion of this type of Mallakhamb renders the exercises quite difficult and exacting. Cane or Rope Mallakhamb: Here, a cotton rope which is 2.5 cm thick, replaces the wooden pole. The performers are expected to strike various yogic poses, without knotting the rope in any way. Revolving Bottle Mallakhamb: This is a recent innovation, and consists of 32 glass bottles placed on a wooden platform, with the Mallakhamb balanced on top. The other forms of this sport include the Baseless Mallakhamb and Fixed Bottle Mallakhamb. Recently, a few more variations have been introduced, viz. Inclined and Suspended Mallakhamb. Mallakhamb exercises make the body light and strong. These exercises are most beneficial for the stomach, back, arms and thighs, and have been found useful to achieve efficiency in a number of other games and sports like gymnastics and wrestling. The Mallakhamb sport affects the spinal chord most, which develops energy and increases longevity, and is the only exercise in which all big and small organs of the body are active.

Posted On : 04/16/09 10:57:17 PM

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