Rufi malik Reward Points : 15300 Member Since : Tuesday, March 03, 2009
I read that The temples and misques in Kerala had an inluence of Jain architecture if any one know more about the architectural contribution of jainism please help me with your knowledge.
Posted On : 03/30/09 10:03:28 PM
Abhi Tripathi Reward Points : 75700 Member Since : Monday, January 07, 2008
There are evidences of Jain influence penetrating to the South into Kerala. Kasargod which borders Karnataka could be cited as an example. At the nearby Manjeswaram there is a Chaturmukh Sarvatobhadra Jain temple. The idol Pratima Sarvatobhadrika has four faces, that of Adinath, Shantinath, Chandranath and Mahavira looking at the four directions. Another Jain structure is in Wayanad which was used by Hindus and later taken over by Tipu Sultan for housing his armory. This is known as Coming still further down, at Irinjalakuda, the Koodalmanikyam temple is also believed to have been a Jain temple dedicated to their Saint Bharateswara. Presently it is a Hindu shrine with Bharata the brother of Lord Rama, in a standing posture inside. Strangely, there are no idols of any other gods in the periphery. Generally we come across lord Ganesha Vinayaka in every temple. Perhaps this is the only temple in the country dedicated to Bharata. Incidentally, we find temples of all the four brothers of the Ramayana epic around Thrissur.Sultan Battery. The Wayanad area is still home to more than 200 Jain families. Another granite structure is at Jainimedu, Palakkad. It is 20 wide and 32 long housing Tirthankaras. Within an hour s drive towards the South, at Methala, 13 km s from Perumbavoor, we come across the Kallil Bhagawathi temple. It is a cave temple with carvings of Parswanath, Mahavira and Padmavathi reckoned to be of the 9th Century AD . Jain monks seem to have come to this place finding an atmosphere of peace and tranquility conducive to meditation.
Posted On : 03/31/09 3:21:59 AM
Anju Malhotra Reward Points : 61200 Member Since : Tuesday, March 31, 2009
The contribution of Jain art to the mainstream art in India has been considerable. Every phase of Indian art is represented by a Jain version and each one of them is worthy of meticulous study and understanding. Jain architecture cannot be accredited with a style of its own, for in the first place it was almost an offshoot of Hindu and Buddhist styles. In the initial years, many Jain temples were made adjoining the Buddhist temples following the Buddhist rock-cut style. Initially these temples were mainly carved out of rock faces and the use of bricks was almost negligible. However, in later years Jains started building temple-cities on hills based on the concept of mountains of immortality . Compared to the number of Hindu temples in India, Jain temples are few and spaced out. Surrounded by embattled walls, the temples are divided into wards, guarded by massive bastions at its ends, with fortified gateways as the main entrances. These temple-cities were not built on a specific plan instead they were the results of sporadic construction. Natural levels of the hill on which the city was being built accommodated various levels so that as one goes higher the architecture and grandeur increases. The only variation in these temples was in the form of frequent chamukhs or four-faced temples. In these the image of a Tirthankara faces the four sides, or four Tirthankars are be placed back to back to face four cardinal points. Entry into this temple is also from four doors. The Chamukh temple of Adinath 1618 AD is a characteristic example of the four-door temple. The great Jain temples and sculptured monuments of Karnataka, Maharashtra and Rajasthan are world-renowned. The most spectacular of all Jain temples are found at Ranakpur and Mount Abu in Rajasthan. Deogarh Lalitpur, U.P. , Ellora, Badami and Aihole also have some of the important specimens of Jain Art.
Kerala is a part of ancient Tamilnadu . at first it called as Cheranadu and then cheralam and now as Keralam. The Kings at there called as Cheras . After the Sangam age Jains were having the influence to intervene in the literature arts culture architecture etc in all the Tamilnadu ie chera chola pandia kingdoms.So many Jain poets wrote many poems in Naladiar Eladhi and similar after Sangam age collections. As they were well versed in Sanskrit and Tamil both languages they were able to translate every thing from Tamil to Sanskrit and made them known to all Indians as Sanskrit was known to all Indians at that time as Hindi at now.Hence Tamil at Kerala was ruined by them and Sanskrit was portrayed as the language of Devas and that script was known as Devanagari Script.Hence the influence of Jains came into the architecture of Kerala firstname.lastname@example.org