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Parijat or the sad tree in India
Parijat or the sad tree in India

Riya Sen
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Tuesday, December 16, 2008
Parijat is considered as a divine tree and also known as the sad tree . Parijat is also used in making different face pack as it procures a gaudy shine to the face and gives guaranteed remedy to a variety of skin ailments. I want to know more about the flower and its uses. It is believed that Lord Krishna brought this heavenly tree to earth. What is the myth or history behind this

Posted On : 04/07/09 2:10:25 AM

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Priyadarshini Misra
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Monday, August 25, 2008
Considered to be a divine tree, Parijat is not without its share of tales of its romantic origin. Close to the heart of the lovers that of a princess Parijataka , who was in love with the sun. She tried a lot to win the heart of Sun, but when he rejected her she committed suicide and a tree sprung from her ashes. Unable to stand the sight of the lover, the tree flowers only at night and sheds them like tear drops before the sun rises. That is how they are, even today Parijat is also known as Harsinghar in Hindi and Shefali in Bengali. It bears the botanical name of Nycatanthes Arbortristis. Nyctanthes which means night flowering and Arbortristis means The sad tree or The tree of sorrow as in the early morning when it has dropped its flowers, the tree appears to look sad. Flower lovers wake up in the early morning to collect them and generally place them in a flat dish to make their rooms fresh and fragrant. Parijat flower have four to eight petals arranged above a vibrant orange tube in a pinwheel pattern. These highly fragrant flowers open at night spreading their fragrance in the surrounding area with an intensely sweet floral aroma. Just as the dawn breaks, they drop one by one, forming a carpet of snow-white petals, an enchanting sight that can take anyone s breath. These flowers blossom between August to December. In India, Parijat grows in the outer Himalayas at the height of about 1400 meters, and are found in tracts of Jammu & Kashmir, Nepal to East of Assam, Bengal, Tripura extended through the Central region up to Godavari in the South. Besides India, they are found in Thailand, Indonesia, Nepal and Pakistan. There is no doubt that a garden looks empty without Parijat. It contributes to the distinctive beauty of a garden. Parijat also has medicinal properties. The juice of its leaves is bitter and saline in taste and provides effective relief in the treatment of several types of inflammation and fever including malaria, the intermittent fever, common cough and cold. It also provides an assured remedy for various body disorders ranging from common cough and cold to arthritis and sciatica. The juice of its leaves when mixed with little sugar is a good medicine for treatment of stomach ailments of children. Its flowers, though bitter in taste act as appetizer and soothe the stomach. In the treatment of skin diseases and constipation, the seeds of the Parijat tree are used.

Posted On : 04/08/09 1:52:36 AM

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Maniam PS
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Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Night-flowering Jasmine is a species of Nyctanthes, native to southern Asia, from northern Pakistan and Nepal south through northern India and southeast to Thailand. It is a shrub or a small tree growing to 10 m tall, with flaky grey bark. The leaves are opposite, simple, 6-12 cm long and 2-6.5 cm broad, with an entire margin. The flowers are fragrant, with a five- to eight-lobed white corolla with an orange-red centre they are produced in clusters of two to seven together, with individual flowers opening at dusk and finishing at dawn. The fruit is a flat brown heart-shaped to round capsule 2 cm diameter, with two sections each containing a single seed.The tree is sometimes called the tree of sorrow , because the flowers lose their brightness during daytime the scientific name arbor-tristis also means sad tree . The flowers can be used as a source of yellow dye for clothing. The flower is the official flower of the state of West Bengal, India, and for Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. In Hindu mythology, there is a story involving Lord Krishna about a parijat and Krishna s two wives, Satyabhama and Rukmini. Satyabhama wanted this Parijat tree from the Heaven to be planted in her garden. Rukmini too, took a fancy to the flower. Krishna, wanting to keep both his wives happy, planted this tree so that the flowers fell in Rukmini s garden while the tree remained in Satyabhama s garden. The tree was planted in the garden of Indra, the Lord of Heavens. Even as Krishna stole a branch of the tree he was spotted by Indra. However, Indra desisted from placing a curse on Krishna since he was an incarnation of Vishnu. Still, Indra put forth a curse on the stolen branch that it will never bear fruit even though the flowers may bloom on the tree. Since the day the tree was planted at Barabanki the wives garden , it flowers but does not reproduce, because it has no seeds and the branch cannot take root.

Posted On : 04/09/09 12:53:40 AM

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Parijaat and har-shingaar are different plants. There is a misconception that they are same. Parijaat tree s scientific name is Adansonia Digitata whereas Harshingaar s scientific name is Nyctanthes arbortristis. Har-shingaar can be found anywhere but Parijaat in india is only at one place and that is Barabanki. There are some people who call har-shingaar as Parijaat but it is not the real Parijaat...

Posted On : 09/19/12 1:45:51 PM

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A search of Adansonia digitata gives the data that this tree is mostly in tropical countries specially in Africa this tree has been declared as a protected tree under the Forest Act in South Africa in 1941. Since I had recently seen the Parijat Tree at Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India, I was aroused with the curiosity behind the claim and I ended on the above referred link. The image of the flower shown in the link has lot of resemblance with the image which was visible in a photo placed in the temple adjacent to the tree in India. However the claim that this tree doesn`t produce fruit is to be probed. The baobab tree is found in areas of South Africa Botswana Namibia Mozambique and other tropical African countries where suitable habitat occurs. It is restricted to hot dry woodland on stoney well drained soils in frost-free areas that receive low rainfall. In South Africa it is found only in the warm parts of the Limpopo Province. A number of significantly large historical baobab trees can be seen in the Limpopo Province The Sagole Baobab is recorded as being the biggest tree in South Africa with a stem diameter of 10.47 m a height of 22 m and a crown spread of 38.2 m. It grows east of Tshipise. The Glencoe Baobab near Hoedspruit is probably the second largest and bears several trunks. It has a stem diameter of 15.9 m a height of 17 m and a crown spread of 37.05 m. This tree has dates carved on the stem from 1893 and 1896. The Platland Baobab that grows near Duiwelskloof today houses a pub. It has a stem diameter of 10.64 m a height of 19 m and a crown spread of 30.2 m. The Buffesldrift Baobab which is in the Makopane District has a distinct trunk with a diameter of 7.71 m a height of 22 m and a crown spread of 30.2 m. There are many legends and superstitions surrounding the baobab tree. For example it is believed that an elephant frightened the maternal ancestor of the baobab. In some parts the baobab is worshipped as a symbol of fertility. It is a belief among certain people that spirits inhabit the flowers of the baobab and that any person who picks a flower will be eaten by a lion. It is also believed that water in which the seeds have been soaked will offer protection against attack by crocodile while sucking or eating the seeds may attract crocodiles. It is also believed that a man who drinks an infusion of the bark will become strong. In some areas a baby boy should be bathed in such a bark infusion as this will make him strong however he should not be bathed for too long or he may become obese. It is also important that this water does not touch his head for this could cause it to swell. When inhabitants move from one area to another they often take seeds of the baobab with them which they plant at their new homestead. Much speculation in literature over many years have made certain estimates of the age of certain large trees and their rate of growth. More recent work using carbon-dating techniques as well as the study of core samples showing growth rings suggest that a tree with a diameter of 10 m may be as old as 2000 years.

Posted On : 10/05/15 6:43:48 AM

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