Akshay Tritiya ,the holy day when many perform puja to start a business. Poila Boisakh, the first day of Boisakh is considered an auspicious day to start a business as well as to perform the HalKhata . According to the Hindu customs, many choose to perform the same rites & rituals on the holy day of Akshay Tritiya . In the Puranas , the holy Hindu scriptures, there is a story where Ved Vyash once requested Lord Ganesha to help him compose the Mahabharata. Lord Ganesha accepted the offer only after laying down his own terms. He said to Vyashdev that he would write the Slokas only if Vyashdev would tally with his speed. If he had to stop due to Vyashdev, he would discontinue writing. Vyashdev accepted the proposal with counter conditions, stating that Lord Ganesha had to comprehend the meaning of the Shlokas before he could pen them down. All terms and conditions agreed upon, Vyashdev started composing the epic and used very complicated Shlokas. The time lord Ganesha took to understand the meaning was enough for Vyashdev to compose new lines. It is said that it was the day of Akshay Tritiya, that Vedvyash along with Lord Ganesha started writing the Mahabharata. According to other beliefs, this day marks the beginning of the SatyaYug the first of the four Yugs eras , Satya , Treta , Dwapar & Kali. Like Poila Boisakh, on the day of the Akshay Tritiya, HalKhata or ceremony to start the new audit book is performed with the worship of Lord Ganesha & Devi Lakshmi. Then traditional rituals are followed with welcoming customers & holding dinners. Sweets & new year calendars are distributed to guests.
Naba Barsha Poila Baisakh is a famous occasion for Bengalis. It is the first day of the first month of Bengali year. Naba Barsha ushers a new opening, a new anticipation, filled with delight, happiness and wealth. To greet the New Year, Bengalis beautify their homes by drawing attractive and colorful rangolis on the doorway with minced rice, which is identified in Bengal as Alpana . In the center of the drawing, a red clay pot with a white Swastika is placed. The pot is full with holy water and mango leaves and it is identified as a blessed one by the Bengalis. They offer puja to lord Ganesha and goddess Laxmi for the welfare and affluence of the families. Ladies wear conventional sari and decorate their hair with colourful flowers and men wear dhoti kurta. They all participate in the processions named Prabhat Pheri early in the morning to welcome the first day of the year.The day is celebrated with feast and cultural activities. Naba-Barsha is also popular among the tribal people in the Hilly regions. New Year is especially colorful in the villages, with a day of sweets and special foods, music, dance and enjoyment. The grass, the skies, trees every natural object seems beautiful and glows with delight and cheerfulness. To each and every Bengali, it is an occasion of joviality to be enjoyed with immense merriment, in all possible way. Special dishes are prepared on this day. The Bengali calendar or Bangabda is maintained in Bangladesh, West Bengal, Assam and Tripura.It is according to the Bhaskar Sun Era, pioneered by Emperor Akbar in 1584 AD. The calendar was initially named as Tarikh-e-Elahi. The months of the Bengali year or Tarikh-e-Elahi were primarily recognized as Karwadin, Ardi, Vihisu, Khordad, Teer, Amardad, Shahriar, Aban, Azur, Dai, Baham and Iskander Miz. It is assumed that the present names of the months are according to the names of the stars. This is introduced from the Shakabda in 78 A.D. to honor the sovereignty of the Shaka. THE NAMES OF THE MONTHS DERIVING FROM STARS- 1. Baishakh from the star Bishakha 2. Jiashthya from Jaishtha 3. Ashara from Shar 4. Sraban from Srabani 5. Bhadra from Bhadrapada 6. Ashwin from Aswaini 7. Kartik from Kartika 8. Agrahayon from Agraihon 9. Poush from Poushya 10. Magh from Magha 11. Falgun from Falguni, and 12. Chaitra from Chitra stars. Some argue that, Shashanka, king of Bengal, introduced Bengali calendar to memorialize his invasion of Assam.