Anju Malhotra Reward Points : 61200 Member Since : Tuesday, March 31, 2009
Can anyone tell me the architectural details and history of Victoria Memorial in Kolkata....
Posted On : 04/03/09 1:59:16 AM
Suparna Sen Reward Points : 26200 Member Since : Saturday, March 14, 2009
The Victoria Memorial was designed by Sir William Emerson in an architectural style similar to the Belfast City Hall. Earlier it was asked to design the building in the Italian Renaissance style, but Emerson was against the exclusive use of European styles and incorporated Mughal elements in this structure. Vincent Esch was the superintending architect, while Lord Redesdale and Sir David Prain designed the gardens of this beautiful Victoria Memorial. The work of construction was entrusted to Messrs Martin & Co. of Calcutta. The colonial style of architecture of this Memorial was a combination of the British/European style and the Indo-Islamic style, which was in itself a unique combination of the Hindu and Islamic styles. Built between 1906 and 1921, Victoria Memorial is a majestic white marble building at the southern end of the Maidan and surrounded by a sprawling garden in the city of Kolkata in West Bengal. The history of Victoria Memorial in Calcutta has its roots in colonial Indian history. Lord Curzon was the then Viceroy of India and ruled in the name of British Crown in India from 1899 to 1905. He has a wish of nurturing the vision of a building that would not only be a tribute to his English masters, but would also get him a place in the annals of Indian architectural history. After the death of Her Majesty, Queen Victoria at the age of 94, Lord Curzon got the chance to build the monument of his dreams. Lord Curzon proposed the construction of a mausoleum in the center of a garden in her memory. He also proposed a museum to be built in the same complex, which would house artifacts pertaining to the British rule in India. It is said that a goods train of 17 miles long would have been required to bring the entire building material needed for the Victoria Memorial. The total weight of the building has been calculated to be around 80,300 ton and the quantity of marble required, measured 16,080 cubic feet. A black bronze angel holding a bugle in her hand was placed at the apex of the dome above the Memorial. The statue, five meters tall and weighing 3,500 kg was fixed to its pedestal with ball bearings with rotating features. Italian craftsmen sculpted the various statues that adorn the large garden of this monument. King George V laid the foundation stone in 1906, while Kind Edward VIII, who was still a prince then, inaugurated the completed structure in the year 1921.
ictoria Memorial is one of the most fascinating landmarks of Kolkata. Built entirely of white marble, Victoria Memorial, one of India s most beautiful monuments, represents a unique combination of classical European architecture and Mughal motifs. The Victoria Memorial blends the best of the British and Mughal architecture. The Victoria Memorial hall was built with white Makrana marbles. The Prince of Wales laid the foundation stone of Victoria Memorial in 1906 and it was inaugurated in 1921 in memory of Queen Victoria. The Victoria Memorial is 338 by 228 feet and a height of 184 feet. s interesting to note that the Victoria Memorial was built without British government funds. The money required for the construction of the stately building, surrounded by beautiful gardens over 64 acres and costing more than 10 million was contributed by British Indian states and individuals who wanted favors with the British government.
A splendid architectural structure in white marble, modelled on the Taj Mahal, was built in the early 20th Century in memory of Queen Victoria between 1906 and 1921 and was formally inaugurated by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VIII of England. Set in beautiful garden grounds, the Victoria Memorial houses a large bronze statue of the Queen Empress Topped with a moving angel this memorial faces the Calcutta Maidan. The statues of Motherhood, Prudence, Learning, Art, Justice, Architecture and Charity are brought from Italy. The magical lighting effect in the evening and a fairy tale Fountain of Joy facing the memorial building create an atmosphere of unforgettable charm. It also has a 5 meter tall bronze winged figure of Victory, weighing 3 tons. It was designed by Sir William Emerson. It also act as a museum, where people could see before them pictures and statues of men who played a prominent part in the history of India. Presently it is the finest and most prominent building and art museum of Calcutta, India, under the Department of Culture, Govt. of India.
Posted On : 04/05/09 10:44:35 PM
Maniam PS Reward Points : 273700 Member Since : Wednesday, March 18, 2009
The Victoria Memorial, located in Kolkata, India is a memorial of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom who also carried the title of Empress of India. It currently serves as a museum and a tourist attraction. The memorial was designed by Sir William Emerson in an architectural style similar to Belfast City Hall. Earlier asked to design the building in the Italian Renaissance style, Emerson was against the exclusive use of European styles and incorporated Mughal elements in the structure. Vincent Esch was the superintending architect while Lord Redesdale and Sir David Prain designed the gardens. The work of construction was entrusted to Messrs Martin & Co. of Calcutta. Built between 1906 and 1921, it is a majestic white marble building at the southern end of the Maidan and surrounded by a sprawling garden. A black bronze Angel of Victory, holding a bugle in her hand was placed at the apex of the dome above the Memorial. It is fixed to its pedestal with ball bearings and acts as a weathercock when the wind is strong enough. Mr. A. C. Mitra, Bengal Engineering and Science University-alumnus, was Engineer-in-Charge in the construction project of the Victoria.
The impressive Victoria Memorial houses a collection of the British colonial period. Visitors are greeted by a life-size statue of young Victoria By Sir Thomas Brock . There are enormous oil paintings in the Royal Gallery, illustrating episodes from queen Victoria s long, eventful life and reign and a large painting titled The Entry of King Edward VII into Jaipur in 1876 by a Russian artist . Also on display are books on the Raj , sculptures of Clive and other Governor Generals and a superb collection of paintings.
Posted On : 04/08/09 1:55:58 AM
Radhika Deo Reward Points : 500 Member Since : Monday, June 28, 2010
Can any one tell me about the architecture of Victoria memorial and Khajuraho temples .