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Bengali Cinema

Priyadarshini Misra
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The history of cinema in Bengal dates back to the 1890s, when the first bioscopes were shown in theaters in Calcutta. Can we discuss about the birth and growth of Bengali Cinema......

Posted On : 04/19/09 10:58:37 PM

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Ragamala Chakraborty
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Hi Priyadarshini, Bengali Cinema is like an aura that reflects the heritage of the larger umbrella of India Cinema. I shall share the initial history of Bengali Cinema here. In 1897, films were shown for the first time in Calcutta. In 1898, the multinational Warwick Trading Co. commissioned Panorama of Calcutta newsreel. Couple of years later, Hiralal Sen from north Calcutta started making films at the Classic Theatres. In 1901, Hiralal Sen set up Royal Bioscope. At Calcutta s Star Theatre, Amritlal Bose screened a package of actualities with plays and variety shows. In 1917, Raja Harishchandra, the first feature film in India, was made by Dadasaheb Phalke. Two years later, in 1919, the first Bengali movie Billwamangal was made. This was a silent movie. Stardom was introduced arounf this time and the first popular star in Bengali film was probably Pramathesh Barua. This was the beginning of the journey of Bengali cinema.

Posted On : 04/19/09 11:52:11 PM

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Hriday Chawrasia
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Hi all.....how can we forget the names of our real maestros in Bengali Cinema The real stardom in Bengali films started when films starring Uttamkumar and Suchitra Sen gained extreme popularity. This romantic combination brought golden age of commercial Bengali cinema and the duo acted in a series of box office successes like, Sare Chuattor, Saptapadi, Sapmochan, Harano Sur, Pathe Holo Deri etc. Bengali cinema also cannot deny the contribution of Soumitra Chatterjee. He is still famous for the characterization of Feluda in Sonar Kella and Joy Baba Felunath, written and directed by Ray.

Posted On : 04/19/09 11:58:12 PM

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Prerna Gupta
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Wednesday, June 25, 2008
The biggest event in Bengali cinema was the release of Pather Panchali in 1955, a film directed by Satyajit Ray with his own script based on a novel of Bibhutibhusan Banerjee. This film connected Bengali film to the rest of the world. and it was the beginning of such a phenomenon. The movie was acclaimed throughout the world, specially in the Western world as a symbol of humanity. the contemporary scenario of Bengali cinema also looks pretty promising with directors like Aparna Sen and Rituparno Ghosh

Posted On : 04/20/09 12:01:24 AM

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Joydeep Chakraborty
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Thursday, February 14, 2008
Hi all.......your posts have ample important information, thanks....According to me music hal always played an important part in Bengali cinema. the pioneers in Bengali film music include Raichand Boral, Pankaj Mullick and K. C. Dey, all associated with New Theatres Calcutta. Other famous playback singers who enriched the Bengali film music were Hemanta Mukherjee, Manna Dey, Sandhya Mukhopadhyay and Kishore Kumar. What i feel strongly about Bengali cinema industry is the industry could truly flourish if films from this state have a proper distribution network. While around 50 films are produced in West Bengal every year, only 30 make it to the theatres.

Posted On : 04/20/09 12:03:37 AM

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Maniam PS
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Bengali cinema industries in the Bengal region of South Asia. There are two major filmmaking hubs in the region: one in Dhaka, Bangladesh and one in Kolkata, India. The history of cinema in Bengal dates back to the 1890s, when the first bioscopes were shown in theatres in Kolkata. Within a decade, the first seeds of the industry was sown by Hiralal Sen, considered a stalwart of Victorian era cinema when he set up the Royal Bioscope Company, producing scenes from the stage productions of a number of popular shows at the Star Theatre, Minerva Theatre , Classic Theatre. Following a long gap after Sen s works, Dhirendra Nath Ganguly Known as D.G established Indo British Film Co, the first Bengali owned production company, in 1918. However, the first Bengali Feature film, Billwamangal, was produced in 1919, under the banner of Madan Theatre. Bilat Ferat was the IBFC s first production in 1921. The Madan Theatre production of Jamai Shashthi was the first Bengali talkie. A long history has been traversed since then, with stalwarts such as Satyajit Ray, Mrinal Sen and Ritwik Ghatak and others having earned international acclaim and securing their place in the movie history. On the other side of the border, Mukh O Mukhosh was released on 3 August 1956, written and directed by Abdul Jabbar Khan, based on his drama scrip Dacoit, produced by Nuruz Zaman and Shahidul Alam, distributed by Iqbal Films and acted by Inam Ahmed and Zahrat Azra. Today, there are two Bengali-language film industries: the one in Kolkata, West Bengal, India the Cinema of West Bengal, sometimes called Tollywood, a portmanteau of the words Tollygunge and Hollywood , is one of many centres for Indian regional filmmaking and the other one in Dhaka, Bangladesh the Cinema of Bangladesh, sometimes called Dhallywood, a portmanteau of the words Dhaka and Hollywood , is the mainstream national film industry of Bangladesh. Early history: Hiralal Sen is credited as one of Bengal s, and India s first directors. However, these were all silent films. Hiralal Sen is also credited as one of the pioneers of advertisement films in India. The first Bengali-language movie was the silent feature Billwamangal, produced by the Madan Theatre Company of Calcutta and released on November 8, 1919, only six years after the first full-length Indian feature film, Raja Harish Chandra, was released. The early beginnings of the talking film industry go back to the early 1930s, when it came to British India, and to Calcutta. The movies were originally made in Urdu or Persian as to accommodate a specific elite market. One of the earliest known studios was the East India Film Company. The first Bengali film to be made as a talkie was Jamai Shashthi, released in 1931. It was at this time that the early heroes of the Bengali film industry like Pramathesh Barua and Debaki Bose were at the peak of their popularity. Barua also directed a number of movies, exploring new dimension in Indian cinema. Debaki Bose directed Chandidas in 1932 this film is noted for its breakthrough in recording sound. Sound recordist Mukul Bose found out solution to the problem of spacing out dialogue and frequency modulation. The Parallel Cinema movement of Indian cinema began in the Bengali film industry during the 1950s, and then gained prominence in the other film industries of India. West Bengal film industry: The contribution of Bengali film industry to Indian film is quite significant. Based in Tollygunge, an area of South Kolkata, West Bengal and is more elite and artistically-inclined than the usual musical cinema fare in India. In the past, it enjoyed a large, even disproportionate, representation in Indian cinema, and produced film directors like Satyajit Ray, who was an Academy Honorary Award winner, and the recipient of India and France s greatest civilian honours, the Bharat Ratna and Legion of Honor respectively, and Mrinal Sen, who is the recipient of the French distinction of Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters and the Russian Order of Friendship. Other prominent film makers in the Bengali film industry are Bimal Roy, the late Ritwik Ghatak, and Aparna Sen. The Bengali film industry has produced classics like Pather Panchali , Devi , Jalsaghar , Devdas , Neel Akasher Neechey , Meghe Dhaka Tara etc. The most well known Bengali actor to date has been Uttam Kumar he and co-star Suchitra Sen were known as The Eternal Pair in the early 1950s. Soumitra Chatterjee is a notable actor, having acted in several Satyajit Ray films, and considered as a rival to Uttam Kumar in the 1960s. He is famous for the characterization of Feluda in Sonar Kella and Joy Baba Felunath, written and directed by Ray. The pioneers in Bengali film music include Raichand Boral, Pankaj Mullick and K. C. Dey, all associated with New Theatres Calcutta. Other famous playback singers in Bengali film music were Hemanta Mukherjee, Manna Dey, Sandhya Mukhopadhyay and Kishore Kumar. In the 1980s, however, the Bengal film industry went through a period of turmoil, with a shift from its traditional artistic and emotional inclinations to an approach more imitating the increasingly more popular Hindi films, along with a decline in the audience and critical appreciation, with notable exceptions of the works of directors like Gautam Ghose. However, even at this time, a number of actors and actresses enjoyed popularity, including Tapas Pal, Prosenjit, Chiranjit, Rituparna Sengupta and others. However, toward the end of the 90s, with the a number of directors coming increasingly into prominence, including Rituparno Ghosh, Gautam Ghose, Aparna Sen, Sandip Ray among others, a number of popular and critically acclaimed movies have come out of the Bengali film industry in recent years. These include, Unishe April, Titli, Mr. and Mrs. Iyer, Bombaiyer Bombete, etc and signal a resurgence of the Bengali film industry. The market for Bengali films has expanded to a 340-million-strong Bengali audience in Bangladesh, West Bengal, Tripura and Assam. The industry could truly flourish if films from this state have a proper distribution network. While around 50 films are produced in West Bengal every year, only 30 make it to the theatres.

Posted On : 04/20/09 10:09:52 PM

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Suchandrima Hesh
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plz give me a brief information about journey of Bengali movie from 1919 to 2010

Posted On : 02/17/10 11:55:29 PM

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