Chaitya grihas or halls of worship are regarded as one of the most important aspects of the Buddhist architecture. Built all over the country either of brick or excavated from rocks. Ruins of a large number of structural Buddhist chaity grihas are found in the eastern districts of Andhra Pradesh, in valleys, near rivers and lakes. The largest brick chaitya hall was excavated at Guntapalli.
Posted By : Darshil Jal daru khanewala Posted On : 4/28/2009 11:18:32 PM Go
Chaitya grihas or halls of worship are regarded as one of the most important aspects of the Buddhist..
history unveils that it was in the Kushana period a further impetus is offered to Buddhism as a religion and what came as an immediate result was the development of chaityas which were the worship halls. Chaitya-grihas were probably constructed to hold large numbers of devotees and to provide shelter for them
The earliest rock-cut chaitya-grihas consisted of an inner circular chamber. There were pillars attached to create a circumambulatory path around the stupa and an outer rectangular hall for the congregation of the devotees. in the later days the concept of separating wall was removed. Over the course of time the wall separating the stupa from the hall was removed to create an apsidal hall with a colonnade around the nave and the stupa The chaitya-griha at Bhaja Caves was like this and was constructed in the first century BCE. It consisted of an apsidal hall with stupa.
Posted On : 4/29/2009 12:41:51 AM
Roop Chatterjee Reward Points : 21400 Member Since : Wednesday, February 11, 2009
Hi all... In ancient India, in the search for the truth, the emphasis was always given on the idea to gain knowledge.and this very aspect played a predominant part in the formation of the Chaitya Grihas or hall of worship. The CHAITYA-GRIHA AT Bedsa, 1st century A.D also supports this fact in term of its structure. As at Bedsa, the griha , or home of the object of worship, is partly hidden from the profane world outside. The belief was that one could learn truly or deeply only when one made a special effort for that purpose.
Posted On : 4/30/2009 4:42:41 AM
Mona Mehta Reward Points : 19900 Member Since : Friday, January 09, 2009
I visited the incredible caves of Ajanta last year and saw that they are dedicated exclusively to Buddhism. There are around 30 caves here and are divided into Chaitya-Grihas stupa halls and Viharas dwelling halls . Around five of these caves 9, 10, 19, 26 and 29 are Chaitya-Grihas . The rest of the caves are Sangharamas or Viharas monasteries . The caves 1, 2, 16 and 17 are important from the art point of view. They are great pieces of art compared to the contemporary art world. These caves have exotic paintings illustrating the life and incarnations of Buddha. The carvings and the paintings of the Ajanta caves tell us about the imagination and creativity of the artist. The murals on the walls of these caves are still in a good condition, maintaining the freshness of the color and spreading vibrancy in the atmosphere. Visitors will definitely enjoy watching these great historical pieces of art.